Gingee (locally called Senji) Fort, located in Viluppuram district.  Gingee Fort is a remarkable example of military engineering.  The Vishnu temple and a sacred pond are the main attractions here. TThe fort's finest monument is the Kalyana Mahal, a square hall built for the ladies of the court. The building has a central eight-storeyed pyra midal tower with a single large room on each floorForts has three citadels, dramatically perched a top three hills - Krishnagiri to the north, Rajagiri to the west and Chandrayandurga to the south east – are enclosed by solid stone walls to form a vast triangular-shaped area extending more than 1.5 km (1 mile) from north to south. Built by the local Nayaka governors, feudatories of the Vijayanagar kings, in the 15th and 16th centuries, the fort was occupied by Bijapur's Adil Shahi Sultans , the Marathas , the French and finally the British.This fort is one of the few surviving forts and is close to the union territory of Pondicherry. 


This once-great fortress city is dotted with dilapidated arcaded chambers, mosques, mandapas, small shrines, tanks and granaries. Many temples, mostly dedicated to Vishnu, survive as well. These include the deserted temple in the main citadel on the 242-m (794-ft) high Rajagiri Hill. The most prominent, however, is the great Venkataramana Temple, in the foothills of the outer fort, near Pondicherry Gate. This was constructed by Muthialu Nayaka in the 17th century. Its original pillars were removed by the French and used in the Government Square at Pondicherry. Near the gateway are

panels depicting scenes from the Ramayana and the Vishnu Purana.


A Ranganatha Temple and a Krishna Temple, both smaller than the Venkataramana Temple, are located on Krishnagiri Hill, as is the Durbar Hall. The Durbar Hall has balconies extending to the edge of the hill which provide good views of the surrounding countryside.


There are also traces of a network of natural springs and tanks that provided an excellent supply of water to the citadel. One of the tanks, Chettikulam, has a platform where Raja Thej Singh, a courageous 18th-century Rajput chief and vassal of the Mughal emperor, was cremated. Tamil folk songs glorify Gingee and Raja Thej Singh, who was killed in a heroic battle against the Nawab of Arcot.



Things to do in Gingee Fort


This once-great fortress city is dotted with dilapidated arcaded chambers, mosques, mandapas, small shrines, tanks and granaries. Many temples, mostly dedicated to Vishnu, survive as well. These include the deserted temple in the main citadel on the 242-m (794-ft) high Rajagiri Hill. The most prominent, however, is the great Venkataramana Temple, in the foothills of the outer fort, near Pondicherry Gate. This was constructed by Muthialu Nayaka in the 17th century. Its original pillars were removed by the French and used in the Government Square at Pondicherry. Near the gateway are

panels depicting scenes from the Ramayana and the Vishnu Purana.


A Ranganatha Temple and a Krishna Temple, both smaller than the Venkataramana Temple, are located on Krishnagiri Hill, as is the Durbar Hall. The Durbar Hall has balconies extending to the edge of the hill which provide good views of the surrounding countryside.


There are also traces of a network of natural springs and tanks that provided an excellent supply of water to the citadel. One of the tanks, Chettikulam, has a platform where Raja Thej Singh, a courageous 18th-century Rajput chief and vassal of the Mughal emperor, was cremated. Tamil folk songs glorify Gingee and Raja Thej Singh, who was killed in a heroic battle against the Nawab of Arcot.







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